Financial institutions are under pressure to ramp up security, with trends such as the increased take-up of mobile banking putting banks’ IT infrastructure defences at growing risk of cyber-attack. Increasingly, customers are playing an important role in highlighting security incidents, with a quarter (24 per cent) of financial institutions saying that some of the threats they faced in 2016 were identified and reported to them by a customer.
According to the Financial Institutions Security Risks research from Kaspersky Lab and B2B International, security investment is a high priority for banks and financial institutions. Suffering from attacks both on their own infrastructure and on their customers, retail banks spend three times as much on IT security as comparably sized non-financial institutions. Moreover, 64 per cent of banks admit that they will invest in improving their IT security regardless of the return-on-investment, in order to meet the growing demands of government regulators, top management and even their customers.
Despite banks putting serious efforts and budgets into safeguarding their perimeters against known and unknown cyber-threats, protecting the breadth of IT infrastructure that now exists – from traditional to specialised, ATMs and Point-of-Sale terminals – has proved difficult. The vast and ever-changing threat landscape, coupled with the challenge of improving the security habits of customers, has provided fraudsters with ever more points of vulnerability to exploit.
Emerging Risks: Social Engineering Attacks on Banking Accounts
Emerging risks related to mobile banking are highlighted in the report as a trend that can expose banks to new cyberthreats. 42 per cent of banks predict that an overwhelming majority of their customers will use mobile banking within three years, but admit that users are too careless in their online behaviour. The majority of the banks surveyed admitted (46 per cent) that their customers are frequently under attack from phishing attempts, with 70 per cent of banks also reporting financial fraud incidents as a result, leading to monetary loss.
Rising phishing and social engineering attacks on customers have seen banks reassess their security efforts in this area. 61 per cent of respondents see improving the security of apps and websites that their customers use as one of their main security priorities, closely followed by the implementation of more complex authentication and verification of log-in details (a key priority for 52 per cent).
Although they are vulnerable to the phishing tricks and tools that target their customers, banks are still more concerned about another ‘old enemy’ – targeted attacks. And they’ve got good reasons to be worried – targeted attack methods are becoming more common-place, with malware-as-a-service platforms even being used to harm financial organisations.
Targeted Attacks: Persistent Threats
Experience of real incidents shows us that investments into security in the financial industry are well worth it in most cases – financial institutions report significantly fewer security events than companies of the same size in other industries – with the only exception of targeted attacks and malware. The detection of abnormal, potentially malicious activity, combining legitimate tools with fileless malware, requires a combination of advanced anti-targeted solutions and extended security intelligence. Still, 59 per cent of financial firms are yet to embrace third-party threat intelligence.
Types of general security event experienced: Malware and targeted attacks are the only incidents that banking organisations experience more than their peers in other industries.
Sharing threat intelligence would help banks to identify new and emerging threats quickly, an important point for them to note, considering the low levels of concern banks have about some of their most vulnerable devices, such as ATMs. Sharing more third party intelligence, in this respect, could help banks prepare for threats that they may not otherwise expect.
ATM Protection: Low Level of Concern, High Vulnerability
Banks show comparatively low levels of concern about the threat of financial loss due to attacks on ATMs, despite being highly vulnerable to attacks of this nature. Only 19 per cent of banks are concerned with attacks on ATM and cash withdrawal machines, despite the growing rate of malware targeting this part of a banks’ infrastructure (in the 2016 threats review we’ve reported a 20% growth in ATM malware compared to 2015).
Veniamin Levtsov, Vice President, Enterprise Business at Kaspersky Lab, comments: “Combatting the constantly changing threats targeting their own IT infrastructure and customer accounts is an everyday challenge for financial institutions. To put an effective response in place – that protects all points of vulnerability – requires the financial services industry to have several key components: build a highly integrated anti-targeted attacks protection, embrace multi-channel anti-fraud security and get actionable intelligence on evolving threats.”
For more information about the research, please visit https://business.kaspersky.com/how-the-financial-industry-reacts-to-cyberthreats/6610